Nancy Tye-Murray, PhD

Professor of Otolaryngology

Tye-Murray Lab Website

Research Interests: Hearing loss has often been called the invisible disability but its consequences are anything but invisible. Hearing loss can lead to social isolation, depression, early retirement, and cognitive decline. In the case of children, hearing loss can also cause speech and language delay and academic hardship. Research in the Tye-Murray laboratory centers on fostering successful spoken language communication for both adults and children. Half of our efforts center on understanding the fundamental processes that allow for audiovisual speech perception, using behavioral measures and more recently, fMRI methodology, with particular emphasis on how development and aging affect perceptual abilities. The second half centers on developing aural rehabilitation strategies that develop both listening and speechreading abilities and we have ongoing projects with both adult and pediatric participants. We believe that the cross-pollination that occurs from conducting basic and applied research and from studying older and younger persons with hearing loss promotes creativity and scientific breakthroughs.

Mailing Address:

Washington University School of Medicine
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
660 S. Euclid Ave.-Campus Box 8115
St. Louis, MO 63110


  • BA, Deaf Education, Texas Christian Univeristy, Fort Worth, TX 1977
  • MA, Audiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 1979
  • PhD, Speech and Hearing Science, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 1984
  • Advanced Certification, Non-Profit Management, Washington University in St. Louis, 1998


  • Adjunct Professor, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 2010-present
  • Erksine Fellow, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NZ, 2011, 2014, 2015
  • Dorismae and Harvey Friedman Award for Aging Research, 2011
  • Keynote address, Audiology Society of Australia, Adelaide, Australia, 2012
  • Editor-in-Chief- Hearing, Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 2014-2017
  • Keynote address, Asian Speech-Language-Hearing Society, Guangzhou, China, 2015
  • Keynote address, Iranian Speech-Language Society, Tehran, Iran, 2016

Selected Publications

  1. Tye-Murray, N., Spehar, B., Myerson, J., Sommers, M., & Hale, S. (2013). Reading your own lips: Common coding theory and visual speech perception. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 20, 115-119.
  2. Tye-Murray, N., Hale, S., Spehar, B., Myerson, J., & Sommers, M. (2014). Lipreading in school-age children: The roles of age, hearing status, and cognitive ability. Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 56, 556-565.
  3. Tye-Murray, N., Spehar, B., Myerson, J., Sommers, M., & Hale, S. (2014). The self-advantage in visual speech processing enhances audiovisual speech recognition in noise. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, DO1 10.s758/s 13423-014-0774-3.
  4. Tye-Murray, N., Spehar, B., Barcroft, J., & Sommers, M. (2016). Auditory training for frequent communication partners. Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 59, 871-875.
  5. Tye-Murray, N., Spehar, B., Myerson, J., Hale, S., & Sommers, M. (2016). Lipreading and audiovisual recognition across the adult lifespan: Implications for audiovisual integration. Psychology and Aging, 43, 380-389.
  6. Tye-Murray, N., Spehar, B., Barcroft, J., & Sommers, M. S. (2017). Auditory training for adults who have hearing loss: A comparison of spaced versus massed practice schedules. Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, 60, 2337-2345.