Laura K. Holden, AuD

Laura K. Holden, AuD

Research Scientist
Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery

Patients seen at

Clinical interests

Dr. Holden is a research scientist and audiologist interested in cochlear implant performance and auditory rehabilitation.


  • Undergraduate: Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Illinois, Champaign (1984)
  • MA: Audiology, University of Illinois, Champaign (1986)
  • AuD: A.T. Still University of Health Science, Arizona School of Health Sciences (2008)

Licensure and board certification

  • Licensed in Missouri
  • ASHA Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology (CCC-A)


  • Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society (1982)
  • Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society (1984)
  • Bronze Tablet (University of Illinois Honors-1984)
  • Summa Cum Laude (1984)
  • Margo Skinner Award (2011) from the Missouri Academy of Audiology

Selected publications

  1. Skinner, M.W., Holden, L.K., Holden, T.A., and Demorest, M.E. Comparison of Two Methods for Selecting Minimum Stimulation Levels Used in Programming the Nucleus 22 Cochlear Implant.  Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 1999; 42(4):814-828.
  2. Holden, L.K., Skinner, M.W., Holden, T.A., and Demorest, M.E. Effect of Stimulation Rate with the Nucleus 24 ACE Speech Coding Strategy.  Ear & Hearing, 2002, 23, 463-476.
  3. Firszt, J.B., Holden, L.K., Skinner, M.W., Tobey, E.A., Peterson, A., Gaggle, W., Runge-Samuelson, C., and Wackym, P.A. Recognition of Speech Presented at Soft to Loud Levels by Adult Cochlear Implant Recipients of Three Cochlear Implant Systems.  Ear and Hearing , 2004, 25, 375-387.
  4. Holden, L.K., Vandali, A.E., Skinner, M.S., Fourakis, M.S., and Holden, T.A. Speech Recognition with the ACE and Transient Emphasis Spectral Maxima (TESM) Strategies in Nucleus 24 Recipients.  Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2005, 48, 681-701.
  5. Skinner, M.W., Holden, L.K., Fourakis, M.S., Hawks, J.W., Holden, T.A., Arcaroli, J., and Hyde, M. Evaluation of Equivalency in Two Recordings of Monosyllabic Words.  Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 2006, 17, 350-366.
  6. Holden, L.K., Skinner, M.W., Fourakis, M.S., and Holden, T.A.  Effect of Increased IIDR in the Nucleus Freedom Cochlear Implant System.  Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 2007, 18, 778-791.
  7. Holden, L., Reeder, R., Firszt, J., & Finley, C.  Optimizing the Perception of Soft Speech and Speech in Noise with the Advanced Bionics Cochlear Implant System.  International Journal of Audiology, 2011, 50, 255-269.
  8. Holden, L., Neely, J.G., Gotter, B., Mispagel, K., & Firszt. J.  Sequential Bilateral Cochlear Implantation in a Patient with Bilateral Meniere’s Disease.  Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 2012, 23, 256-268.
  9. Holden L., Finley C., Firszt J., Holden T., Brenner C., Potts L., Gotter B., Vanderhoof S., Mispagel K., Heydebrand G., and Skinner M.  Factors Affecting Open-Set Speech Recognition in Adults with Cochlear Implants.  Ear & Hearing, 2013, 34, 342-360.
  10. Holden L., Brenner C., Reeder R., and Firszt J.  Postlingual Adult Performance in Noise with HiRes 120 and ClearVoice, Low, Medium and High.  Cochlear Implants International, 2013, 14, 276-286.
  11. Holden, L.K., Firszt, J.B., Reeder, R.M., Uchanski, R.M., Dwyer, N.Y., and Holden, T.A.  Factors Affecting Outcomes in Cochlear Implant Recipients Implanted with a Perimodiolar Electrode Array Located in Scala Tympani. Otology & Neurotoloy, 2016, 37,1662-1668.
  12. Holden, L.K., Firszt, J.B., Reeder, R.M., Dwyer, N.Y., Stein, A.L., and Litvak, L.M.  Evaluation of a New Algorithm to Optimize Audibility in Cochlear Implant Recipients.  Ear & Hearing, 2019, 40, 990-1000.